Archived from the original on 23 April It is an official national event celebrated in May every year. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Later in the Cenozoic Era the uplift of the Andes continued, accompanied by further outbursts of volcanism.
Intermittent warfare continued until On 12 February , Chile was proclaimed an independent republic. The political revolt brought little social change, however, and 19th-century Chilean society preserved the essence of the stratified colonial social structure, which was greatly influenced by family politics and the Roman Catholic Church.
A strong presidency eventually emerged, but wealthy landowners remained powerful. Chile slowly started to expand its influence and to establish its borders. By the Tantauco Treaty, the archipelago of Chiloé was incorporated in The economy began to boom due to the discovery of silver ore in Chañarcillo, and the growing trade of the port of Valparaíso, which led to conflict over maritime supremacy in the Pacific with Peru. At the same time, attempts were made to strengthen sovereignty in southern Chile intensifying penetration into Araucanía and colonizing Llanquihue with German immigrants in Through the founding of Fort Bulnes by the Schooner Ancud under the command of John Williams Wilson , the Magallanes region joined the country in , while the Antofagasta region , at the time part of Bolivia, began to fill with people.
Toward the end of the 19th century, the government in Santiago consolidated its position in the south by the Occupation of Araucanía. As a result of the War of the Pacific with Peru and Bolivia —83 , Chile expanded its territory northward by almost one-third, eliminating Bolivia's access to the Pacific, and acquired valuable nitrate deposits, the exploitation of which led to an era of national affluence.
Chile had joined the stand as one of the high-income countries in South America by The Chilean Civil War brought about a redistribution of power between the President and Congress, and Chile established a parliamentary style democracy.
However, the Civil War had also been a contest between those who favored the development of local industries and powerful Chilean banking interests, particularly the House of Edwards who had strong ties to foreign investors. Soon after, the country engaged in a vastly expensive naval arms race with Argentina that nearly led to war. The Chilean economy partially degenerated into a system protecting the interests of a ruling oligarchy. By the s, the emerging middle and working classes were powerful enough to elect a reformist president, Arturo Alessandri , whose program was frustrated by a conservative congress.
In the s, Marxist groups with strong popular support arose. A military coup led by General Luis Altamirano in set off a period of political instability that lasted until When constitutional rule was restored in , a strong middle-class party, the Radicals, emerged. It became the key force in coalition governments for the next 20 years. During the period of Radical Party dominance —52 , the state increased its role in the economy.
The presidential election of Christian Democrat Eduardo Frei Montalva by an absolute majority initiated a period of major reform. Under the slogan "Revolution in Liberty", the Frei administration embarked on far-reaching social and economic programs, particularly in education, housing, and agrarian reform , including rural unionization of agricultural workers.
By , however, Frei encountered increasing opposition from leftists, who charged that his reforms were inadequate, and from conservatives, who found them excessive.
At the end of his term, Frei had not fully achieved his party's ambitious goals. Allende was not elected with an absolute majority, receiving fewer than 35 percent of votes. The Chilean Congress conducted a runoff vote between the leading candidates, Allende and former president Jorge Alessandri, and, keeping with tradition, chose Allende by a vote of to Frei refused to form an alliance with Alessandri to oppose Allende, on the grounds that the Christian Democrats were a workers' party and could not make common cause with the right wing.
An economic depression that began in was exacerbated by capital flight , plummeting private investment, and withdrawal of bank deposits in response to Allende's socialist program. Production fell and unemployment rose. Allende adopted measures including price freezes, wage increases, and tax reforms, to increase consumer spending and redistribute income downward. Many enterprises within the copper , coal, iron, nitrate , and steel industries were expropriated , nationalized, or subjected to state intervention.
Industrial output increased sharply and unemployment fell during the Allende administration's first year. Allende's program included advancement of workers' interests,   replacing the judicial system with "socialist legality",  nationalization of banks and forcing others to bankruptcy,  and strengthening "popular militias" known as MIR. The measure was passed unanimously by Congress. As a result,  the Richard Nixon administration organized and inserted secret operatives in Chile, in order to swiftly destabilize Allende's government.
The economic problems were also exacerbated by Allende's public spending which was financed mostly by printing money and poor credit ratings given by commercial banks. The crippled economy was further battered by prolonged and sometimes simultaneous strikes by physicians, teachers, students, truck owners, copper workers, and the small business class.
On 26 May , Chile's Supreme Court, which was opposed to Allende's government, unanimously denounced the Allende disruption of the legality of the nation.
Although illegal under the Chilean constitution, the court supported and strengthened Pinochet's soon-to-be seizure of power. A military coup overthrew Allende on 11 September As the armed forces bombarded the presidential palace , Allende apparently committed suicide. A military junta, led by General Augusto Pinochet , took control of the country. The first years of the regime were marked by human rights violations.
Chile actively participated in Operation Condor. The stadium was renamed for Jara in A new Constitution was approved by a controversial plebiscite on 11 September , and General Pinochet became president of the republic for an eight-year term. After Pinochet obtained rule of the country, several hundred committed Chilean revolutionaries joined the Sandinista army in Nicaragua , guerrilla forces in Argentina or training camps in Cuba , Eastern Europe and Northern Africa.
In the late s, largely as a result of events such as the economic collapse  and mass civil resistance in —88, the government gradually permitted greater freedom of assembly, speech , and association, to include trade union and political activity. Chile moved toward a free market economy that saw an increase in domestic and foreign private investment, although the copper industry and other important mineral resources were not opened for competition.
Chileans elected a new president and the majority of members of a bicameral congress on 14 December On 27 February , Chile was struck by an 8. More than people died most from the ensuing tsunami and over a million people lost their homes.
The earthquake was also followed by multiple aftershocks. Chile achieved global recognition for the successful rescue of 33 trapped miners in A rescue effort organized by the Chilean government located the miners 17 days later. All 33 men were brought to the surface two months later on 13 October over a period of almost 24 hours, an effort that was carried on live television around the world. The current Constitution of Chile was approved in a national plebiscite —regarded as "highly irregular" by some observers  —in September , under the military government of Augusto Pinochet.
It entered into force in March After Pinochet's defeat in the plebiscite , the constitution was amended to ease provisions for future amendments to the Constitution. In September , President Ricardo Lagos signed into law several constitutional amendments passed by Congress. These include eliminating the positions of appointed senators and senators for life , granting the President authority to remove the commanders-in-chief of the armed forces, and reducing the presidential term from six to four years.
Senators serve for eight years with staggered terms, while deputies are elected every 4 years. The last congressional elections were held on 17 November , concurrently with the presidential election. The current Senate has a 21—15 split in favor of the governing coalition and 2 independents. The current lower house, the Chamber of Deputies, contains 67 members of the governing center-left coalition, 48 from the center-right opposition and 5 from small parties or independents. The Congress is located in the port city of Valparaíso, about kilometres 87 miles west of the capital, Santiago.
Chile's congressional elections are governed by a binomial system that, for the most part, rewards the two largest representations equally, often regardless of their relative popular support.
Parties are thus forced to form wide coalitions and, historically, the two largest coalitions Concertación and Alianza split most of the seats. Only if the leading coalition ticket out-polls the second place coalition by a margin of more than 2-to-1 does the winning coalition gain both seats, which tends to lock the legislature in a roughly 50—50 split. Chile's judiciary is independent and includes a court of appeal, a system of military courts, a constitutional tribunal, and the Supreme Court of Chile.
In June , Chile completed a nationwide overhaul of its criminal justice system. In the congressional elections, the conservative Independent Democratic Union UDI surpassed the Christian Democrats for the first time to become the largest party in the lower house. In the parliamentary election , both leading parties, the Christian Democrats and the UDI lost representation in favor of their respective allies Socialist Party which became the biggest party in the Concertación block and National Renewal in the right-wing alliance.
In the legislative elections in Chile, the Communist Party won 3 out of seats in the Chamber of Deputies for the first time in 30 years the Communist Party was not allowed to exist as such during the dictatorship. Chileans voted in the first round of presidential elections on 17 November None of the nine presidential candidates got more than 50 percent of the vote.
As a result, the top two candidates, center-left Nueva Mayoría coalition's Michelle Bachelet and center-right Alianza coalition's Evelyn Matthei , competed in a run-off election on 15 December , which Bachelet won. This was Chile's sixth presidential election since the end of the Pinochet era. All six have been judged free and fair. The president is constitutionally barred from serving consecutive terms.
Since the early decades after independence, Chile has always had an active involvement in foreign affairs. In the country aggressively challenged the dominance of Peru's port of Callao for preeminence in the Pacific trade routes, defeating the short-lived alliance between Peru and Bolivia, the Peru-Bolivian Confederation —39 in the War of the Confederation. The war dissolved the confederation while distributing power in the Pacific.
A second international war, the War of the Pacific —83 , further increased Chile's regional role, while adding considerably to its territory. During the 19th century, Chile's commercial ties were primarily with Britain, a nation that had a major influence on the formation of the Chilean navy. The French influenced Chile's legal and educational systems and had a decisive impact on Chile, through the architecture of the capital in the boom years at the turn of the 20th century.
German influence came from the organization and training of the army by Prussians. Since its return to democracy in , Chile has been an active participant in the international political arena. Jose Miguel Insulza, a Chilean national, was elected Secretary General of the Organization of American States in May and confirmed in his position, being re-elected in The country is an active member of the UN family of agencies and participates in UN peacekeeping activities.
An associate member of Mercosur and a full member of APEC, Chile has been a major player in international economic issues and hemispheric free trade. The Chilean Government has diplomatic relations with most countries.
It settled all its territorial disputes with Argentina during the s except for part of the border at Southern Patagonian Ice Field. Chile and Bolivia severed diplomatic ties in over Bolivia's desire to regain sovereign access to the Pacific Ocean it lost to Chile in —83 War of the Pacific.
The two countries maintain consular relations and are represented at the Consul General level. In Chile was administratively divided into regions ,  and in subdivided into provinces and these into communes. Each region is designated by a name and a Roman numeral assigned from north to south, except for the Santiago Metropolitan Region , which does not have a number. The national flower is the copihue Lapageria rosea , Chilean bellflower , which grows in the woods of southern Chile. The coat of arms depicts the two national animals: It also has the legend Por la razón o la fuerza By reason or by force.
The flag of Chile consists of two equal horizontal bands of white top and red; there is a blue square the same height as the white band at the hoist-side end of the white band; the square bears a white five-pointed star in the center representing a guide to progress and honor; blue symbolizes the sky, white is for the snow-covered Andes, and red stands for the blood spilled to achieve independence. The flag of Chile is similar to the Flag of Texas , although the Chilean flag is 21 years older.
The Armed Forces of Chile are subject to civilian control exercised by the president through the Minister of Defense. The president has the authority to remove the commanders-in-chief of the armed forces. The Chilean Army is one of the most professional and technologically advanced armies in Latin America.
Of the fleet of 29 surface vessels, only eight are operational major combatants frigates. Those ships are based in Valparaíso. The Navy also operates four submarines based in Talcahuano. The Air Force took delivery of the final two of ten Fs, all purchased from the U. Chile also took delivery in of a number of reconditioned Block 15 Fs from the Netherlands, bringing to 18 the total of Fs purchased from the Dutch.
After the military coup in September the Chilean national police Carabineros were incorporated into the Defense Ministry. With the return of democratic government, the police were placed under the operational control of the Interior Ministry but remained under the nominal control of the Defense Ministry. It is situated within the Pacific Ring of Fire. Chile is among the longest north-south countries in the world. If one considers only mainland territory, Chile is unique within this group in its narrowness from east to west, with the other long north-south countries including Brazil , Russia , Canada , and the United States, among others all being wider from east to west by a factor of more than However, this latter claim is suspended under the terms of the Antarctic Treaty , of which Chile is a signatory.
Also controlled but only temporarily inhabited by some local fishermen are the small islands of San Ambrosio and San Felix. These islands are notable because they extend Chile's claim to territorial waters out from its coast into the Pacific Ocean. The northern Atacama Desert contains great mineral wealth, primarily copper and nitrates. The relatively small Central Valley, which includes Santiago, dominates the country in terms of population and agricultural resources.
This area is also the historical center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century, when it integrated the northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests, grazing lands, and features a string of volcanoes and lakes.
The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands. The Andes Mountains are located on the eastern border. The diverse climate of Chile ranges from the world's driest desert in the north—the Atacama Desert —through a Mediterranean climate in the center, humid subtropical in Easter Island, to an oceanic climate , including alpine tundra and glaciers in the east and south.
There are four seasons in most of the country: The flora and fauna of Chile are characterized by a high degree of endemism, due to its particular geography. In continental Chile, the Atacama Desert in the north and the Andes mountains to the east are barriers that have led to the isolation of flora and fauna. The native flora of Chile consists of relatively fewer species compared to the flora of other South American countries. The northernmost coastal and central region is largely barren of vegetation, approaching the most absolute desert in the world.
The central valley is characterized by several species of cacti, the hardy espinos , the Chilean pine , the southern beeches and the copihue , a red bell-shaped flower that is Chile's national flower. In southern Chile, south of the Biobío River, heavy precipitation has produced dense forests of laurels, magnolias, and various species of conifers and beeches, which become smaller and more stunted to the south. Grassland is found in Atlantic Chile in Patagonia. Much of the Chilean flora is distinct from that of neighboring Argentina, indicating that the Andean barrier existed during its formation.
Some of Chile's flora has an Antarctic origin due to land bridges which formed during the Cretaceous ice ages, allowing plants to migrate from Antarctica to South America. Just over 3, species of fungi are recorded in Chile,   but this number is far from complete.
The true total number of fungal species occurring in Chile is likely to be far higher, given the generally accepted estimate that only about 7 percent of all fungi worldwide have so far been discovered. Chile's geographical isolation has restricted the immigration of faunal life, so that only a few of the many distinctive South American animals are found.
Among the larger mammals are the puma or cougar, the llama-like guanaco and the fox-like chilla. In the forest region, several types of marsupials and a small deer known as the pudu are found. There are many species of small birds, but most of the larger common Latin American types are absent. Few freshwater fish are native, but North American trout have been successfully introduced into the Andean lakes.
Whales are abundant, and some six species of seals are found in the area. Chile is located along a highly seismic and volcanic zone, part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, due to the subduction of the Nazca and Antarctic plates in the South American plate.
Late Paleozoic , million years ago, Chile belonged to the continental block called Gondwana. It was just a depression accumulated marine sediments began to rise at the end of the Mesozoic, 66 million years ago, due to the collision between the Nazca and South American plates, resulting in the Andes. The territory would be shaped by millions of years due to the folding of the rocks, forming the current relief. Chile's highest peak is the Nevado Ojos del Salado , at Among the coastal mountains and the Pacific is a series of coastal plains, of variable length, which allow the settlement of coastal towns and big ports.
Some areas of the plains territories encompass territory east of the Andes, and the Patagonian steppes and Magellan, or are high plateaus surrounded by high mountain ranges, such as the Altiplano or Puna de Atacama.
It is characterized by the presence of the Atacama desert , the most arid in the world. The desert is fragmented by streams that originate in the area known as the pampas Tamarugal. The Andes, split in two and whose eastern arm runs Bolivia , has a high altitude and volcanic activity, which has allowed the formation of the Andean altiplano and salt structures as the Salar de Atacama , due to the gradual accumulation of sediments over time.
To the south is the Norte Chico , extending to the Aconcagua river. The two mountain ranges intersect, virtually eliminating the intermediate depression. The existence of rivers flowing through the territory allows the formation of transverse valleys , where agriculture has developed strongly in recent times, while the coastal plains begin to expand. The Central area is the most populated region of the country. The coastal plains are wide and allow the establishment of cities and ports along the Pacific.
The Andes maintains altitudes above m but descend slowly starts approaching the meters on average. The intermediate depression reappears becoming a fertile valley that allows agricultural development and human settlement, due to sediment accumulation.
To the south, the Cordillera de la Costa reappears in the range of Nahuelbuta while glacial sediments originate a series of lakes in the area of La Frontera. During the last glaciation , this area was covered by ice that strongly eroded Chilean relief structures. The Andes mountain range loses height and erosion caused by the action of glaciers has caused fjords.
East of the Andes, on the continent, or north of it, on the island of Tierra del Fuego are located relatively flat plains, which in the Strait of Magellan cover large areas. In the middle of the Pacific, the country has sovereignty over several islands of volcanic origin, collectively known as Insular Chile. Of these, we highlight the archipelago of Juan Fernandez and Easter Island, which is located in the fracture zone between the Nazca plate and the Pacific plate known as East Pacific Rise.
Due to the characteristics of the territory, Chile is crossed by numerous rivers generally short in length and with low torrential flow. In the center-north of the country, the number of rivers that form valleys of agricultural importance increases. Their waters mainly flow from Andean snowmelt in the summer and winter rains. The major lakes in this area are the artificial lake Rapel, the Colbun Maule lagoon and the lagoon of La Laja.
Chile's census reported a population of 17,, Its rate of population growth has been decreasing since , due to a declining birth rate. The largest agglomerations according to the census are Greater Santiago with 5. A national poll revealed that a majority of Chileans believed they possessed some The census reported , Indians, or 3.
Only those that practiced their native culture or spoke their native language were considered to be Indians, irrespective of their "racial purity".
In a census took place, directly asking the public whether they considered themselves as part of any of the eight Chilean ethnic groups, regardless of whether or not they maintained their culture, traditions and language, and 4. Of that number, Chile is one of 22 countries to have signed and ratified the only binding international law concerning indigenous peoples, the Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, Chile ratified it in A Chilean court decision in November considered to be a landmark ruling on indigenous rights and made use of the convention.
Chile was never a particularly attractive destination for migrants, owing to its remoteness and distance from Europe. Other groups of Europeans have followed but are found in smaller numbers, like the descendants of Austrians  and Dutch people.
Currently, these are estimated at about 50, people. Sponsored by the Chilean government to "unbarbarize" and colonize the southern region,  these Germans notably the Swiss, Silesians, Alsatians and Austrians settled mainly in Valdivia, Osorno and Llanquihue.
Descendants of different European ethnic groups often intermarried in Chile. This intermarriage and mixture of cultures and races have helped to shape the present society and culture of the Chilean middle and upper classes.
Due in part to its economic fortunes, Chile has recently become a new magnet for immigrants, mostly from neighboring Argentina , Bolivia and mainly Peru. As of [update] , The Constitution guarantees the right to freedom of religion , and other laws and policies contribute to generally free religious practice.
The law at all levels fully protects this right against abuse by either governmental or private actors. Church and state are officially separate in Chile. A law on religion prohibits religious discrimination.
However, the Roman Catholic church for mostly historical and social reasons enjoys a privileged status and occasionally receives preferential treatment. The Spanish spoken in Chile is distinctively accented and quite unlike that of neighboring South American countries because final syllables are often dropped, and some consonants have a soft pronunciation.
That the Chilean population was largely formed in a small section at the center of the country and then migrated in modest numbers to the north and south helps explain this relative lack of differentiation, which was maintained by the national reach of radio, and now television, which also helps to diffuse and homogenize colloquial expressions. There are several indigenous languages spoken in Chile: Mapudungun , Quechua , Aymara and Rapa Nui. After the Spanish invasion, Spanish took over as the lingua franca and the indigenous languages have become minority languages, with some now extinct or close to extinction.
German is still spoken to some extent in southern Chile,  either in small country side pockets or as a second language among the communities of larger cities. Through initiatives such as the English Opens Doors Program , the government made English mandatory for students in fifth-grade and above in public schools. Most private schools in Chile start teaching English from kindergarten. In Chile, education begins with preschool until the age of 5. Primary school is provided for children between ages 6 and Students then attend secondary school until graduation at age Secondary education is divided into two parts: During the first two years, students receive a general education.
Then, they choose a branch: Secondary school ends two years later on the acquirement of a certificate licencia de enseñanza media. Chilean education is segregated by wealth in a three-tiered system — the quality of the schools reflect socioeconomic backgrounds:. Upon successful graduation of secondary school, students may continue into higher education.
The higher education schools in Chile consist of Chilean Traditional Universities and are divided into public universities or private universities. There are medical schools and both the Universidad de Chile and Universidad Diego Portales offer law schools in a partnership with Yale University. The Ministry of Health Minsal is the cabinet-level administrative office in charge of planning, directing, coordinating, executing, controlling and informing the public health policies formulated by the President of Chile.
The National Health Fund Fonasa , created in , is the financial entity entrusted to collect, manage and distribute state funds for health in Chile. It is funded by the public. All employees pay 7 percent of their monthly income to the fund. Its headquarters are in Santiago and decentralized public service is conducted by various Regional Offices. More than 12 million beneficiaries benefit from Fonasa. Beneficiaries can also opt for more costly private insurance through Isapre.
Hospitals in Chile are mainly located in the Santiago Metropolitan Region. The Central Bank of Chile in Santiago serves as the central bank for the country.
Chile is one of South America's most stable and prosperous nations,  leading Latin American nations in human development , competitiveness, income per capita, globalization, economic freedom, and low perception of corruption. Chile has the highest degree of economic freedom in South America ranking 7th worldwide , owing to its independent and efficient judicial system and prudent public finance management.
Sound economic policies, maintained consistently since the s, have contributed to steady economic growth in Chile and have more than halved poverty rates. The economy remained sluggish until , when it began to show clear signs of recovery, achieving 4. Real GDP growth reached 5. GDP expanded by 5 percent in Nonetheless, economic analysts disagreed with government estimates and predicted economic growth at a median of 1. Growth slowed to 4. The unemployment rate was 6. As of November , about The privatized national pension system AFP has encouraged domestic investment and contributed to an estimated total domestic savings rate of approximately 21 percent of GDP.
Chile has signed free trade agreements FTAs with a whole network of countries, including an FTA with the United States that was signed in and implemented in January Chile's approach to foreign direct investment is codified in the country's Foreign Investment Law.
Registration is reported to be simple and transparent, and foreign investors are guaranteed access to the official foreign exchange market to repatriate their profits and capital. Agriculture in Chile encompasses a wide range of different activities due to its particular geography , climate and geology and human factors.
Historically agriculture is one of the bases of Chile's economy. Now agriculture and allied sectors like forestry , logging and fishing account for only 4. Some major agriculture products of Chile include grapes , apples , pears , onions , wheat , corn , oats , peaches , garlic , asparagus , beans , beef , poultry , wool , fish , timber and hemp. This, its location in the Southern Hemisphere , which has quite different harvesting times from the Northern Hemisphere , and its wide range of agriculture conditions are considered Chile's main comparative advantages.
However, Chile's mountainous landscape limits the extent and intensity of agriculture so that arable land corresponds only to 2. Tourism in Chile has experienced sustained growth over the last few decades. In , tourism grew by According to the National Service of Tourism Sernatur , 2 million people a year visit the country. Most of these visitors come from other countries in the American continent, mainly Argentina ; followed by a growing number from the United States, Europe, and Brazil with a growing number of Asians from South Korea and PR China.
The main attractions for tourists are places of natural beauty situated in the extreme zones of the country: San Pedro de Atacama , in the north, is very popular with foreign tourists who arrive to admire the Incaic architecture, the altiplano lakes, and the Valley of the Moon. The central port city of Valparaíso , which is World Heritage with its unique architecture, is also popular. For locals, tourism is concentrated mostly in the summer December to March , and mainly in the coastal beach towns.
Because of its proximity to Santiago, the coast of the Valparaíso Region, with its many beach resorts, receives the largest number of tourists. Viña del Mar , Valparaíso's northern affluent neighbor, is popular because of its beaches, casino , and its annual song festival , the most important musical event in Latin America. In November the government launched a campaign under the brand "Chile: All Ways Surprising" intended to promote the country internationally for both business and tourism.
Due to Chile's topography a functioning transport network is vital to its economy. Buses are now the main means of long distance transportation in Chile, following the decline of its railway network. Chile has a total of runways 62 paved and unpaved. Chile has a telecommunication system which covers much of the country, including Chilean insular and Antarctic bases.
Privatization of the telephone system began in ; Chile has one of the most advanced telecommunications infrastructure in South America with a modern system based on extensive microwave radio relay facilities and domestic satellite system with 3 earth stations. From the period between early agricultural settlements and up to the late pre-Hispanic period, northern Chile was a region of Andean culture that was influenced by altiplano traditions spreading to the coastal valleys of the north, while southern regions were areas of Mapuche cultural activities.
Throughout the colonial period following the conquest, and during the early Republican period, the country's culture was dominated by the Spanish. Other European influences, primarily English, French, and German began in the 19th century and have continued to this day. Music in Chile ranges from folkloric, popular and classical music. Its large geography generates different musical styles in the north, center and south of the country, including also Easter Island and Mapuche music.
Another form of traditional Chilean song, though not a dance, is the tonada. Arising from music imported by the Spanish colonists, it is distinguished from the cueca by an intermediate melodic section and a more prominent melody. Other important folk singer and researcher on folklore and Chilean ethnography , is Margot Loyola. In February, annual music festivals are held in Viña del Mar.
Chile is a country of poets. Chile's most famous poet is Pablo Neruda , who received the Nobel Prize for Literature and is world-renowned for his extensive library of works on romance, nature, and politics. His three highly personalized homes in Isla Negra , Santiago and Valparaíso are popular tourist destinations.
Isabel Allende is the best-selling Chilean novelist, with 51 millions of her novels sold worldwide. Another internationally recognized Chilean novelist and poet is Roberto Bolaño whose translations into English have had an excellent reception from the critics.
There significant heights are still reached: Reminders of the last ice age are the perfectly U-shaped glacial troughs, sharp-edged mountains, Andean lakes, and some 7, square miles of continental ice masses. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.
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Watch online to Chile TV stations including Televisión Nacional de Chile - TVN, CNN Chile, Canal 13 (cl), VTV 2, Canal 2 Temuco and many more. Mexico vs Chile: On Tuesday, a young Mexican team welcomed the Chilean team without the biggest star in the international friendly match of Queretaro. On Wednesday, El Tri beat Costa Rica with a score of 3 to 2 and won a penalty for Raúl Jiménez. This is how you can see the game and forecast: Continue reading "Mexico vs Chile". Created in , TV Chile is the International television of Chile. It began with the modest goal of reaching households in Latin America, but today six satellites help people watch TV Chile live all across the world, from the entire American continent to much of Europe, North Africa and Australia.